A literature review is a process of analyzing and organizing scholarly literature on a topic. In a literature review you are not establishing your own argument. Instead, you are gathering what has already been written on your topic: sythensizing the arguments, perspectives, or themes and summarizing the sources and how they apply to your research question.
Literature reviews are critical evaluations of materials that have already been published. They include meta-analyses, in which previously published data from different sources are combined and analyzed.
When writing a literature review:
Literature review elements can be arranged in various ways by grouping research by:
The Writing Center has examples of formatting in APA. Below are links to an example paper in APA and citing in APA. They have many other helpful resources! Check out their website.
For those of you who like working from a template, here is an APA template for MS Word.