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Use this guide as a starting point for your research in nursing.

What is Evidence-Based Practice?

Evidence-Based Practice or Evidence-Based Medicine is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. (Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et al. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.)

What is the Johns Hopkins Evidence-Based Practice Model?

The Johns Hopkins EBP Model is designed specifically to meet the needs of the practicing nurse to ensure that the latest research findings and best practices are swiftly and appropriately incorporated into patient care.

The model uses a three-step process called PET: practice question, evidence, and translation.

©The Johns Hopkins Hospital/The Johns Hopkins University "Nursing Resources" research guide

The Johns Hopkins EBP model progressing through inquiry, practice question, evidence, translation, best practices, and practice improvements. An arrow points from practice improvements to inquiry back at the beginning of the model, implying a cycle

Web Resources

Databases for finding Evidence

Evidence-Based Practice Tutorials and Resources

Evidence-Based Practice Pyramid

Evidence-based practice pyramid increasing in quality of evidence from the base to the top. Beginning with the lowest level of evidence at the base of the pyramid, the types of studies are as follows: Background information, case-controlled studies and case series or reports, Randomized control trials, critically-appraised individual articles, critically-appraised topics, then systematic reviews at the top of the pyramid.

EBM Pyramid and EBM Page Generator, copyright 2006 Trustees of Dartmouth College and Yale University. All Rights Reserved.
Produced by Jan Glover, David Izzo, Karen Odato and Lei Wang.