In general, resources are cited using the author, year of publication, title, source, and additional information depending on the resource type. If you cannot find something like a link, DOI number, volume number, etc. you may omit that information.
See below for examples for how to cite sources missing pieces of information.
If you are unsure how to format a citation, contact a librarian.
If a source does not have an author or editor, use the title as the first part of the citation.
For both the reference list and in-text citations, use italics for book titles.
The titles of articles, chapters, and web pages should be in regular font for the reference list but have quotation marks in the in-text citations. Longer titles can be shortened to just a few key words for an in-text citation.
Title. (Year of publication). Format the remainder according to resource type.
FAQ. (2022). Camp Bow Wow. https://www.campbowwow.com/about-us/faqs/
... ("FAQ," 2022).
... ("FAQ," 2022, para. 3).
Use (n.d.) in place of the year if the source does not have a listed date of publication or last review.
Author, A. A. (n.d.). Format the remainder according to resource type.
Weaver, R. (n.d.). Richard Weaver's enlarged hymn book. Morgan and Chase.
According to Weaver (n.d.) ...
...(Weaver, n.d., p. 98).
For sources without a title, describe the source in brackets. This will not impact your in-text citations.
Author, A. A. (Year). [Description of source]. Format the remainder according to resource type.
Smith, F. (2018). [Corpus of Amazon reviews for qualitative coding project]. Unpublished raw data.
According to Smith (2018) ...
A source lacking page numbers will only impact your in-text citations.
... (Mayo Clinic, 2022, para. 6).
...(Mayo Clinic, 2022, Complications section).