Books, whether they are print or electronic, follow largely the same format.
If the book includes a DOI or if you found the item online, include the DOI or hyperlink in the reference after the publisher name. If you found the ebook in a library database, do not include a hyperlink.
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of the book: Subtitle also starts with a capital letter (extra information such as editors, translators, editions, etc.). Publisher.
Angelou, M. (1970). I know why the caged bird sings. Random House.
Angelou (1970) shares that ...
...(Angelou, 1970, p. 154).
If you are citing a chapter in an edited book in which the chapters have different authors and have been put together by an editor, include a reference for the specific chapter you used. If you are citing the book as a whole, you do not need to cite each chapter separately.
When citing a chapter, information about the specific chapter is listed first, followed by information about the whole book (the word 'In' is put in between the chapter and the larger work).
On the references page, the page numbers for the chapter are listed with 'pp.' The in-text citation should only use a 'pp.' if there are multiple pages included in the quote. If only one page is needed for the citation, use "p."
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor & F. F. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. pages of chapter). Publisher.
Kassell, L. (2016). Paper technologies, digital technologies: Working with early modern medical records. In A. Whitehead, A. Woods, S. Atkinson, J. Macnaughton, & J. Richards (Eds.), The Edinburgh companion to the critical medical humanities (pp. 120–135). Edinburgh University Press.
Kassell (2016) states that ...
...(Kassell, 2016, p. 122).
If there are no authors listed and you can only find information about the editors, use the editors' information in place of the authors followed by (Eds.). If there is a single editor, use (Ed.).
If there is an author, the editor's information belongs after the title just like translators and illustrators.
Editor, A. A., & Editor, B. B. (Eds.). (Year of Publication). Title of the book: Subtitle also starts with a capital letter (extra information such as editors, translators, editions, etc.). Publisher.
According to Aronson and Campbell (2009) ...
... (Aronson & Campbell, 2009).
... (Aronson & Campbell, 2009, p. 158).
After the title, translators are listed by their first initials followed by their last name. The abbreviation Trans. is used to indicate their role.
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of the book: Subtitle also starts with a capital letter (T. T. Translator, Trans.). Publisher.
Kondō M. (2014). The life-changing magic of tidying up: The Japanese art of decluttering and organizing (C. Hirano, Trans.). Ten Speed Press.
Kondō (2014) shares that ...
...(Kondō, 2014, p. 112).
Citing a set of books or a single book from a set is very similar to citing other books. The main difference is including the volume number after the title. Remember that if there is no author, the editors are placed at the beginning of the citation followed by (Eds.). If there is a single editor, use (Ed.).
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of book (Vol. or Vols.). Publisher.
Caputi, L. (Ed.) (2016). Innovations in nursing education: Building the future of nursing (Vol. 3). National League for Nursing.
Caputi (2016) states that ...
...(Caputi, 2016, p. 1).
Citing textbooks follows the same rules as other books. Textbooks often have editions that should be included following the title.
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of book (# edition). Publisher.
Swearingen, P. L., & Wright, J. D. (2019). All-in-one nursing care planning resource: Medical-surgical, pediatric, maternity, and psychiatric-mental health (5th ed.). Elsevier.
Swearingen and Wright (2019) assert that ...
...(Swearingen & Wright, 2019).
...(Swearingen & Wright, 2019, p. 216).
If the religious text has its own way of tracking text location (such as the Bible using books, chapters, and verses), use that information instead of page numbers.
Put the title of the work in italics.
Reference Page Format:
Version Title. (Publication Year). Publisher. URL if available (Original work published Year)
King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/ (Original work published 1769)
According to the King James Bible (1769/2017)...
...(King James Bible, 1769/2017).
...(King James Bible, 1769/2017, Isaiah 40:31).
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