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APA 7th Edition Citation Guide

Journal Articles

Journal articles, whether they are print or electronic, follow the same format. Fill in as much information as you can, but do not worry if you cannot find all of the potential information.

At the end of your citation, include a hyperlink to the article (preferably with the DOI number). Make sure the link is black and not underlined.

If you found the article in a library database and it does not have a DOI, do not include a hyperlink.

Reference Page Format:

Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, volume number(issue number), pages.

Reference Page Example:

Ngaya-An, F. V., De Torres, R. Q., Tejero, L. M. S., & Pacquiao, D. F. (2021). Significance of home visiting in providing care to Filipino mothers and their infants during the postpartum period. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 32(5), 551-557.


In-text Citation Examples:

Ngaya-An et al. (2021) shares that ...

...(Ngaya-An et al., 2021).

...(Ngaya-An et al., 2021, p. 554).

Website Articles

Webpage article citations list the author, date, page title, site name, and hyperlink. 

If there is no specific author listed, use the name of the organization or website name. If the author is the same as the website name, you do not need to list it the second time. Only use a 'Retrieved on" date if the page is likely to change over time.

Reference Page Format:

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of webpage. Website name. Hyperlink

Reference Page Example:

Telnaes, A. (2022, October 4). The inspiring women of Iran. The Washington Post


In-text Citation Examples:

According to Telnaes (2022), ...

...(Telnaes, 2022).

...(Telnaes, 2022, para. 15).


Newspaper Articles

Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles. However, newspapers involve citing the exact date (not just the year) and do not have volume numbers. Include a hyperlink to the article if you found it online or page numbers if you found it in print. Make sure the link is black and not underlined.

Reference Page Format:

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of the article. Title of the Newspaper, pages. https://www.newspaper...

Reference Page Example:

Prather, S. (2021, May 6). Job training program restores historic St. Paul home. The Star Tribune  


In-text Citation Examples:

Prather (2022) shares that ...

...(Prather, 2022).

...(Prather2022, para. 5).

Encyclopedia and Dictionary Entry

Encyclopedia and dictionary entry citations start with details about the article/entry followed by information about the overall dictionary or encyclopedia. (The word 'In' is put in between the title of the article and that of the larger work.) 

If there is not an individual author, use the organization name (ex. Merriam-Webster). Include a hyperlink to the article if you can find one. Make sure the link is black and not underlined.

If you cannot find all the potential information, only include what information you can find. If you have any questions, ask a librarian.

Reference Page Format:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of the entry. In Editor, A.. & Editor, B. (Eds.) Title of the Encyclopedia, Publisher. Hyperlink

Reference Page Example:

Ananth, M. (2013). Climate change. In R. Chapman, & J. Ciment (Eds.), Culture wars in America: An encyclopedia of issues, viewpoints, and voices (2nd ed.). Routledge.


In-text Citation Examples:

Anath (2013) shares that ...

...(Anath, 2013).

...(Anath2013, para. 5).

Wikipedia Articles

Wikipedia articles are unique because they are constantly being updated. For this reason, you should link to the most recent archived version of the page and use the archived date in your citation. To find archived versions of Wikipedia articles, click on the "View History" tab at the top of the page.

Reference Page Format:

Title of article. (Year, Month Day). In Wikipedia.

Reference Page Example:

Non-Euclidean geometry. (2022, February 9). In Wikipedia. 


In-text Citation Examples:

According to "Non-Euclidean Geometry" (2022) ...

...("Non-Euclidean Geometry," 2022).

...("Non-Euclidean Geometry," 2022, Importance section).

Lippincott Advisor

Since Lippincott Advisor articles do not list specific authors, use the organization name as the Author. 

Lippincott Advisor articles are updated frequently, so add "Retrieved [Month Day, Year]" between the Website Name and Hyperlink to indicate when you accessed the article.

Reference Page Format:

Group or Organization. (Year, Month Day). Title of entry. Retrieved [Month Day, Year], from Hyperlink

Reference Page Example:

Lippincott Advisor. (2022, July 8). Alopecia. Retrieved October 3, 2022, from 


In-text Citation Examples:

According to Lippincott Advisor (2022) ...

...(Lippincott Advisor, 2022).